We need to know the lexical meaning of the word livelihood in the context of discussing the development of sustainable livelihood skills. The word livelihood means the way of life. Skill development is essential for economic development and inclusive development. Studies have shown that young women in rural areas need to develop skills for sustainable livelihoods. The development of the country aims to develop the skills of urban as well as rural people. That is why if they are given the opportunity to work, they will earn a sustainable livelihood. Sustainable livelihood development is a way to analyze and change the lives of people living below the poverty line. It helps to improve lives by harnessing the inherent abilities and resources that all individuals have. It helps in developmental activities.
NRLM has increased the capacity of poor people to make a living and support them. SRLM works on three pillars – expanding alternative livelihoods for the poor, enhancing skills for outside work, and building self-employment. After the Rural BPL Youth Council, skills will be developed for their work needs. Bringing the poor together and making their livelihood effective through their organization.
The Prime Minister’s Skill Development Scheme The Ministry of Development and Entrepreneurship’s (MSDE) Flagship Scheme The main objective of this Skills Certificate Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to undergo industry-relevant skills training which will help them earn a better livelihood. To make that program a success, Shri Narendra Modi has started several projects. Those projects are falling under the Whose rural economy will benefit a lot.
The Hans Foundation has supported projects across India to enhance farm-based interventions through properly designed agricultural packages. These projects cover states like Assam, Orissa, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka. The components of the project have focused on improved agriculture for greater productivity. For cereals, vegetables, and other crops – Farmers were trained on seed selection, seed treatment, nursery preparation, crop planting, spacing, weed management, use of organic manure, vermicompost, crop collection, and overall crop management. Even the market has been connected. Assistance has also been provided for check dams, alley plugs, boulder checks, ponds, etc. for easy availability of water.
In order to increase the income of various poor families, activities in the vicinity of poultry, piggery, dairy have been introduced to benefit women. To start the dairy projects, financial assistance was provided by the Central Government for the official distribution of cattle, food, chilling plants.
The Hans Foundation-supported organizations provide various training for the poor to become self-reliant. The government allows hospitality, beauticians, tailoring, and industrial mechanics. In addition to employment, it provides financial assistance to young people to set up their own enterprises through loans.
Experts are very optimistic about the impact of Skill India. This is a very good initiative. According to the World Bank, the working-age population will increase, the number of unemployed will decrease. The women of the village have become self-reliant as a result of coming under this scheme. Poverty rates have dropped, making India more economically viable.