21 Mar 2020

The steps you can take to keep you and your family safe

In the wake of the recent outbreak of Corona Virus in India, We have our goals to do our outmost to protect the health and safety of our community and the wider population to our best.

ARDS urge every people across the north east and the country to take every necessary prevention.

However, information through many sources like Facebook and whatsapps about the prevention are not fully liable, only some of that information is useful or reliable. A false sense of protection and misinformation that might lead wrongs prevention steps during health crisis and might being left unprotected or more vulnerable to the virus.

As per our Concern, (Sources - WHO)

Here are the steps you can take to keep you and your family safe: 

1. Wash your hands frequently – including every time you enter the home or office, after shaking hands with other people, after you cough or sneeze, and before you eat – using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub; 

2. Cover your mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing, dispose of used tissue immediately, and wash your hands;

3. Avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu-like symptoms; and 

4. Seek medical care early if you or your child has a fever, cough or difficulty breathing.

 

Taking proactive measures to support our Societies and the communities is our highest priority.

Arun Kujur

General Manager

Assam Rural Development Society

26 Feb 2020

Free Sewing Machines

ARDS offering Free Supply of Sewing Machines for the Poor, Destitute widow, Deserted wife, and Handicapped People. Interested people can contact us for more information.

 

Following certificate to be enclosed with application-

1. Income certificate bellow Rs.12000/- (From Thasildhar)
2. Proof for age (20 to 40 years).
3. If handicapped, medical certificate
4. If destitute widow, certificate should be enclosed
5. Community Certificate.
6. If deserted wife, certificate should be enclosed.
7. Proof for knowing Tailoring.
8. Passport size photo.

25 Feb 2020

SHGs vs JLGs

  • Community based Savings-Oriented Group
  • Comprised of only Women
  • 10-20 people per Group
  • Loans for consumtion. Income generation, and community development etc.
  • A formal structure with a proper hierarchy like Animator, Representative, Secretary etc
  • Promoted mainly by NABARD
  • Eligible for loans from financial institutions only after 6 months
  • Community-driven model; the rules and regulations are sketched out by the members themselves
  • Best for empowering homogenous community of rural women
  • Supply driven Credit-Oriented Group
  • Comprised of both Men & Women
  • Group of 4-10 people
  • Loans are offered only for income-generation purposes
  • Beign a credit based model, savings don’t have any effect on the loan process
  • An informal group of individuals from the same socio-economic background who seek loan for business
  • Promoted mainly by MFIs
  • Eligible for microloans from the very next week of the formation
  • Agency-driven model;rules and regulations are formed by Financial Institutions which promote JLGs
  • Best for regions with heterogeneous enterprising populations
20 Nov 2019

Basics of Banana Cultivation!

Banana is a tropical fruit crop which is one of the major and economically valuable fruits grown in the country. India being a tropical country, serves as an ideal location for banana cultivation. A wide range of varieties of banana are grown across the Indian sub-continent. The Production of Banana is highest in the states of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu followed by Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Assam.

Soil and Climatic conditions required for Banana Cultivation

Banana plants require a temperature range of 15°C - 40°C with a relative humidity of 75-85%. It is best grown in the tropical and subtropical humid lowlands and requires an average rainfall of around 2000 mm.

Deep rich loamy soil having proper drainage and pH between 6.5-7.5 is ideal for banana farming. The nutrient requirement for one metric ton yield of bananas is 7-8 kg Nitrogen, 0.7-1.5 kg Phosphorus and 17-20 kg Potassium.

Methods of production and plantation

Production methods include Vegetative method where suckers are used as planting material and Tissue culture where seedlings are developed through tissue culture. The ideal months for the plantation of banana are May-June and September-October. However, plantation using tissue culture can be done all year round with the exception of the severely cold months.

Banana plantation is mostly done by using either Pit method, Furrow Method or Trench method. Crop rotation can be practiced with banana farming alongside sugarcane, paddy, and vegetables. Crop rotation has proved to have improved soil health as well as provides better control of pests, weeds, and diseases.

The year-round availability and the extensive usage of the banana plant has made it a popular choice for cultivation in India.

01 Oct 2019

Single-use plastic ban from October 2

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is leading efforts to scrap such plastics by 2022, is set to launch the campaign with a ban on as many as six items on October 2, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, two officials said.

These include plastic bags, cups, plates, small bottles, straws and certain types of sachets, said the officials, who asked not to be identified, in line with government policy.

"The ban will be comprehensive and will cover manufacturing, usage and import of such items," one official said.

In an Independence Day speech on August 15, Narendra Modi had urged people and government agencies to "take the first big step" on October 2 towards freeing India of single-use plastic.

read more

PENALTIES UNDER PLASTIC & THERMOCOL NOTIFICATION

  • First offence Rs.5000/- Fine
  • Second Offence Rs.10,000/- Fine.
  • Third offence Rs.25,000- Fine + 3 month imprisonment

FOLLOWING PLASTIC AND THERMOCOL BANNED

  • Less than 200 ml. Drinking water PET /PETE bottles, having liquid holding capacity Banned
  • Plastic Mineral water Pouch Banned
  • Plastic Bags (with Handle / Without Handle) Banned
  • One time use / Single use disposable items madeup of thermocol (Polystyrene) or Plastic. e.g. dish, spoon, cups, plates, glasses, fork, bowl, container are Banned
  • Disposable dish / bowl used for packaging foods in hotels and straw banned
  • Any compostable Plastic Bags except for plant nurseries, horticulture, agriculture & handling of solid waste banned.
  • Use of plastic & thermocol for decoration purpose banned.

FOLLOWING PLASTIC AND THERMOCOL ALLOWED

  • PET / PETE Bottles having a liquid holding capacity 200 ml and more than 200 ml. (printed with deposit and refund price or by-back price under EPR)
  • Manufacture of plastic and plastic bags for export purpose in special economic zone & export oriented units.
  • Plastic material madeup of minimum 20% recyclable plastic material & having a thickness more than 50 micron, used for wrapping the material at the manufacutring stage or integral part of manufacturing. Thermocol used for wrapping the material at manufacturing stage. (Printed with manufacturers details, type of plastic with code number and buy-back prices under EPR).
  • Plastic packaging material more then 50 micron thickness with minimum two grams weight used toseal groceries & grain products for wholesale & retail. (printed with manufacturer's details, type of plastic with code number and buy-back price under EPR).
  • Compostable plastic Bags used for Plant nurseries horticulture, agriculture & handling of solid waste.
  • Paper based carton packaging using one or more layer of plastic.
  • Virgin plastic bagsused for milkhaving thickness not less than 50 micron & printed with buy back price.
  • Recyclable multilayered plastic
  • Plastic intems used for domestic purpose.
  • Use of Plastic for packaging of medicine, medical equipments 7 medical products.
  • Use of Thermocol Boxes to preserve fish in fishery business.
  • Recyclable plastic stationery products used for office & educations.
  • Other plastic products
14 Aug 2019

Pea Cultivation

Green Peas or “garden peas” belonging to the Leguminaceae family are cultivated as the third most cultivable crop in India. It is used in a variety of vegetable dishes, in soups, salads as well as frozen canned food during the summer season. Some of the best improved varieties of peas found in India are VL Matar-42, Rachana, HUDP- 15, etc. The green pea is quite a common vegetable and it is not just the pea pods that are utilized as food, but the straw of green pea is used as a fodder for the livestocks. This crop has immense nutritive value. The pea pods play a very important role in providing manifold health benefits, next only to pulses.

 

Salient Features:

  • Pea is cultivated as a Rabi (winter-September to December) crop and can be easily cultivated, with low irrigation requirement and costs of production.
  • It is slowly gaining popularity in North East as a cultivable crop because it can grow in a cool, semi-arid condition, grows quickly, and is capable of withstanding frost.
  • It is a crop which increases the nitrogen content of the soil by combining with the nitrogen-fixing bacteria and thus is most suitable for increasing the depleted nitrogen content of the soil.
  • The Cluster Frontline Demonstration was conducted during the Rabi season and its main focus was on increasing the yield. It is bringing a revolution in pea cultivation. Northeast has taken a special interest in implementing the program.
  • The technologies like varietal evaluation, INM have been used during the cropping period.
  • The rural households use the pea plant whole after they pluck the pods as vegetables. This adds to the nutritive value of the daily diet of the poor people of this region.

 

Challenges Faced:

  • Diseases destroy the yield of the pea plants. Genetically engineered seeds are planted nowadays to deal effectively with this issue.
  • Asocochyta Blight is a common enemy of this crop. To deal with this, the infected plant should be destroyed immediately.
  • Insects such as aphids, pea weevils are known to be the common enemy that causes damage to this crop. Neem oil spray can help in this case immensely.

The scope of growing peas in the North East is quite promising. North East India often features in the reports on the cultivation of this kind of crops. The farmers can gain economically if they grow it as a rotational crop.

14 Aug 2019

Mustard Cultivation

Mustard cultivation is a farming venture that is being taken up aggressively in the North East. It is a crop that finds its way to every kitchen, one way or the other.

Some of the mustard varieties in India
comprise of rapeseed, Indian mustard, black mustard, etc.  The yellow ‘sarson’ is pretty common and it is not just the mustard seeds that are utilized but this crop has a variety of other uses too. Oilseed crops play a very important role in the Indian Agricultural Economy, next only to food
grains.

 

Salient Features:

  • Mustard is a major Rabi (winter) crop and can be easily cultivated with low irrigation requirement and costs of production are low as well.
  • It is slowly gaining popularity amongst the North East farmers owing to its adaptability for both irrigated and rain-fed areas.
  • It is also suitable for mixed cropping.
  • The zero tillage concept is mainly used without disrupting the soil for moisture and to conserve water which works in favour of this winter crop as the soil retains the moisture from the monsoon.
  • Scientists are developing high yielding varieties of mustard, especially for North East areas.
  • Implementation of the program “Cluster Frontline Demonstration under National Mission on Oilseed and Oil palm” by the Government is bringing a revolution in mustard cultivation. Considered as one of the untraditional areas for mustard cultivation, NE has come a long way since the implementation of the program.
  • Many rural tribal households make use of all the parts including the leaves that form a staple part of the diet and the flowers that are also edible.
  • It is used to make dye for traditional cloth, used in certain traditional customs and the most common use is to make oil.

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Challenges Faced:

  • Certain diseases have a capacity to destroy the yield from 10% up to 75%. Genetically superior seeds are planted to deal with this issue.
  • Pests such as saw-fly and hairy caterpillar are a known enemy of this crop. To deal with this menace, time of planting the seeds is important.
  • Insects such as lady-bird beetle are known to damage this crop. Fertilizer use helps in this case.

There is plenty of scope for mustard cultivation in the North East. Whenever a report is drawn in this regard, the states of North East India such as Assam & Manipur do feature in them. However, we are still a long way from use of the opportunity in this regard. There is a very bright future for farmers in this field and they can reap wonderful profits.

12 Aug 2019

Pig farming

North East India is a very diverse area. Comprising of the 7 Sisters and Sikkim, this place is also known for the authentic mouthwatering cuisine specific to a few states. Pork is a staple favorite. Be it the famous Pork with Lai Xaak from Assam to the famous Naga Style Pork with Bamboo Shoot, these dishes are well known to pork lovers. Pork is not just a staple favorite in North East India, but also worldwide. This brings us to the subject of making such meat available through Pig Farming.

Piggery Farming in North East India is an underutilized sector yet a very important component, and a great opportunity for entrepreneurs.  Traditional customs and skills are advantageous for growth, however, piggery management in NE is still at its nascent stage when it comes to commercialization. Thus, there is a lot of scope for investment and profit.

 

Salient Features:

  • Suitable for landless farmers, uneducated youth and farm women.
  • High yield on carcass meat (60% – 80% of live body weight)
  • Fast growth rate and are prolific breeders.
  • The feces of pigs can be used for manure.
  • Pigs eat food that is inedible for humans, thus taking care of the disposal of such stuff.
  • The bigger the pig, the lesser amount of food it eats when compared with bodyweight to food weight ratio i.e. a pig weighing 25 kg needs 2 kg food whereas a 250 kg pig needs only 8.3 kg food daily.
  • Hampshire, HSX 1, Landrace, Duroc and Large White Yorkshire are the common breeds suited to North East Region.
  • Pigs are a low maintenance farming option.

 

 Challenges Faced:

  • According to statistics, at least 70% – 90% of the rural tribal households in NE rear pigs. However, poor husbandry practices and the prevalence of diseases have hindered scope for export.
  • The pork market is mainly predominated by wet markets and about 70% of the pork retailers operate without valid license.
  • Even though frozen piggery products have a great demand in the market worldwide, yet the demand for processed and frozen products is growing at a very slow pace given the quality of slaughtering and selling infrastructure, which is poor in the North East of India.
  • Only about one-fourth of the diseased pigs are treated by veterinarians and the rate of awareness on food-borne diseases due to consuming their meat is very low.
  • Cross breeding is more prevalent so the breeding rate and quality of indigenous pigs has depleted.

If the above challenges are dealt with carefully then there is a great scope of making lot of profit in this trade. The market system is very efficient, convenient and vibrant in the villages and there is a ready market at the farm gate, apart from places that are not easily accessible because of the hilly terrain. About 80% of the market price goes to the producer so the profit rate is very high as a result of the yield per sale.

12 Aug 2019

Duck Rearing for Egg and Meat

North East India is famous for the number of indigenous breeds of duck under different traditional systems. Duck meat and eggs have a great demand throughout. No grand celebration is ever complete without consuming duck meat. The Eastern and North Eastern parts of India account for a major portion of the country’s duck population.

Duck farming is a subsidiary source of income for all farmers irrespective of caste or religion and no farmer is said to be financed by finance agents. It forms an important component of the integrated farming system.

 

 Salient Features:

  • For the hatching of duck eggs, farmers depend upon broody ducks or hens that are considered as the natural incubator.
  • Mating is carried out at 3-4 months of age.
  • Artificial heat is not used for brooding ducklings.
  • The food fed to the ducks should be also of good quality.
  • They are mainly fed grains, crushed snails, are left near ponds or waterlogged areas to look for fishes, etc.

 

Challenges Faced:

  • The most common duck diseases are duck cholera, duck plague, hepatitis and botulism. Farmers offer health protection in the form of occasional vaccination against duck plague.

 

 Income Opportunities:

Duck farming for eggs and duck farming for meat is quite a common practice in North East India. Sale takes place either at the local market or at the farmer’s doorstep to individuals and local traders.

  • The rearing cost of a grower from the time of hatching was averaged at Rs. 36. 54.
  • The rearing cost of a layer from 21-72 weeks was averaged at Rs. 197.05.
  • Indian Runner and Khaki Campbell are the best breeds for duck farming business.
  • Ducks continue to lay eggs for a long period of time.
  • The mortality rate of ducks is very low, thus making your investment less risky. They also live longer than chickens.
  • They need to be given food and water only during the day time.
  • Everyday items cooked in the kitchen can be good duck-feed also.

Duck farming is a very constructive tool for the socio-economic development of rural people. Duck rearing is a simple yet profitable business and involves little or no hassle when it comes to management either.

12 Aug 2019

Fishery

The northeast regional states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura, are bestowed with rich biodiversity and fisheries resources. More than 90% of the people here are fish-eaters. The fish production in this region is over 0.214 million tons, with almost 50% coming from pisciculture. The region has rich and manifold aquatic resources due to the climatic conditions in the plains of Brahmaputra and Barak valleys of Assam. These rivers form the unparalleled resource for the fisheries to thrive and bloom. The region has many rivers, coldwater streams, wetlands from floodplains, reservoirs, lakes, ponds, paddy fields, and mini-barrages which support the large-scale fishery activities done here.

 

Salient Features:

  • There are 266 species of fish in the region and among them, Indian major carps and Chinese carps are the major food fish species.
  • The annual production of fish in this region is 213,996 metric tons from both cultured and captured types.
  • Monoculture of silver carp or common carp is done by the fishermen and sometimes mixed culture of exotic carps is also done.
  • Paddy-cum-fish culture is very commonly seen in this region.
  • Rice-fish culture or integrated fish farming frequently done by the tribal people of the region is the culture of common carp stocked in paddy fields and grown in a time period of 4-6 months.
  • The traditional “Hapa” breeding plays the most dominant part in seed production.
  • Chinese hatcheries are the most common seed production system for commercial-scale productions.
  • For induction of breeding of major carps, pituitary gland extracts of fishes, synthetic hormone Ovaprim, Ovatide, etc. is used.

 

Challenges Faced:

  • Epizootic ulcerative syndrome is a deadly disease which does affect the fishes of this region very frequently.
  • Aquatic ecosystem of predator-prey population should be balanced, which in some cases gets disturbed.

Fishery does play a great role in the economic development of the Northeast region. It is a very economically viable commodity and involves more advantages than disadvantages.