North East India is a very diverse area. Comprising of the 7 Sisters and Sikkim, this place is also known for the authentic mouthwatering cuisine specific to a few states. Pork is a staple favorite. Be it the famous Pork with Lai Xaak from Assam to the famous Naga Style Pork with Bamboo Shoot, these dishes are well known to pork lovers. Pork is not just a staple favorite in North East India, but also worldwide. This brings us to the subject of making such meat available through Pig Farming.
Piggery Farming in North East India is an underutilized sector yet a very important component, and a great opportunity for entrepreneurs. Traditional customs and skills are advantageous for growth, however, piggery management in NE is still at its nascent stage when it comes to commercialization. Thus, there is a lot of scope for investment and profit.
- Suitable for landless farmers, uneducated youth and farm women.
- High yield on carcass meat (60% – 80% of live body weight)
- Fast growth rate and are prolific breeders.
- The feces of pigs can be used for manure.
- Pigs eat food that is inedible for humans, thus taking care of the disposal of such stuff.
- The bigger the pig, the lesser amount of food it eats when compared with bodyweight to food weight ratio i.e. a pig weighing 25 kg needs 2 kg food whereas a 250 kg pig needs only 8.3 kg food daily.
- Hampshire, HSX 1, Landrace, Duroc and Large White Yorkshire are the common breeds suited to North East Region.
- Pigs are a low maintenance farming option.
- According to statistics, at least 70% – 90% of the rural tribal households in NE rear pigs. However, poor husbandry practices and the prevalence of diseases have hindered scope for export.
- The pork market is mainly predominated by wet markets and about 70% of the pork retailers operate without valid license.
- Even though frozen piggery products have a great demand in the market worldwide, yet the demand for processed and frozen products is growing at a very slow pace given the quality of slaughtering and selling infrastructure, which is poor in the North East of India.
- Only about one-fourth of the diseased pigs are treated by veterinarians and the rate of awareness on food-borne diseases due to consuming their meat is very low.
- Cross breeding is more prevalent so the breeding rate and quality of indigenous pigs has depleted.
If the above challenges are dealt with carefully then there is a great scope of making lot of profit in this trade. The market system is very efficient, convenient and vibrant in the villages and there is a ready market at the farm gate, apart from places that are not easily accessible because of the hilly terrain. About 80% of the market price goes to the producer so the profit rate is very high as a result of the yield per sale.